American hydrographer, born in Virginia; entered the United States navy in 1825, became lieutenant in 1837, studied the Gulf Stream, oceanic currents, and great circle sailing, and in 1856 published his "Physical Geography of the Sea"; took the side of the Confederates in the Civil War, and was afterwards appointed professor in the Military College at Lexington, in Virginia (1806-1873).

The Nuttall Encyclopaedia. . 1907.

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  • Maury, Matthew Fontaine — ▪ American hydrographer born Jan. 14, 1806, Spotsylvania county, Va., U.S. died Feb. 1, 1873, Lexington, Va.       U.S. naval officer, pioneer hydrographer, and one of the founders of oceanography.       Maury entered the navy in 1825 as a… …   Universalium

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